Chinese lettuce is mainly grown for its stem. We prepare our own stir-fried xuelihong at home often. Raw bok choy is 95% water, 2% carbohydrates, 1% protein and less than 1% fat (table). In this article, we’ll go over the many different types of Chinese mustard greens (with photos!) The name in Chinese is written, or 'Jiu Tou Niao', which means "Nine Headed Bird". In some cases, vegetables sellers chop off the leaves (or heavily trim them), so they might look a bit scraggly when you purchase them. At their peak from January through April, mustard greens may also be referred to as Gai Choy or Chinese mustard. Mustard requires 30 to 40 days to reach harvest. We don’t have any soup recipes that use Chinese mustard, but we’ll get on that soon :), the family that cooks together, stays together, love it. Another variety you may come across at Asian produce markets is mizuna, AKA Japanese mustard greens or spider mustard. Also known as dai gai choy, or “big mustard greens” in Cantonese, this is probably the most common mustard green you can find in Chinese groceries. Light, delicious and quick. “If it’s bitter, then it’s probably good for you.” They would tell us that they were beneficial to digestion and packed with vitamins. Bok choy (American English), pak choi (British English), or pok choi (Brassica rapa subsp. The seeds of Chinese mustard greens … And of course my childhood favourite of canned mustard greens with pork over rice noodles – one of my ultimate comfort food! You can find Chinese mustard greens in most large Chinese markets these days, though availability does vary. Subscribe for the latest updates on new recipes, and get started with our family's Top 25 Recipe eBook! Curly mustard (aka American mustard, Southern mustard), which has very frilly leaves, and looks similar to curly kale. \"Mustard greens\" is a common name that is often used to describe a wide variety of different plants in the mustard family. To get preserved mustard greens, the mustard green plant undergoes a process that includes pickling, drying, steaming and heavy salting.The result is an intensely flavoured vegetable that can range from a light to dark brown colour. Another way to find them is to show a photo from this post to the store staff. These compounds have been reported to prevent cancer in small doses, but, like many substances, can be toxic to humans in large doses, particularly to people who are already seriously ill. Chinese Mustard Greens (芥菜) Chinese mustard greens or jiè cài (芥菜) in Mandarin and gai choy in Cantonese, sometimes called Indian mustard, leaf mustard, or mustard cabbage, is a very healthy vegetable. Using aromatics like garlic, ginger and spicy dried chilis is a great start. and talk more about how to use them in Chinese cooking. The most famous in the Indian peninsula is sarsoon da saag made using mustard greens. We have a variety grown mainly for the stem. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. In Chinese cooking, they are usually salted, pickled, and otherwise preserved, while some more tender varieties can also be eaten fresh. Time and again, my worldwide web pursuits for solid recipes that I know my family will eat has landed me back here.”, Pickled Mustard Greens: Grandma’s Homemade Haam Choy. They’re such a versatile ingredient for so many dishes. Chinensis varieties do not form heads and have green leaf blades with lighter bulbous bottoms instead, forming a cluster reminiscent of mustard greens. Like any vegetable on the bitter side (bitter melon, broccoli rabe, arugula, radicchio), the flavor tends to grow on you over time. They’re leafier, with more tender stems, making them a good candidate for stir-fries. Stay tuned for that one – courtesy of my grandma! It can also be spelled pak choi, bok choi, and pak choy. Characteristics: Though originally from Persia, this is one of … Bok choy (American English), pak choi (British English), or pok choi (Brassica rapa subsp. Recipe, i am making a flavorful gai choy with Chicken, coming later. Growing the plants to harvest before temperature average greater than 75°F ( 24°C ) deciding mustard greens chinese name a. Each with different uses in the Indian peninsula is sarsoon da saag made using mustard greens are also employed versatile. Called péchay in Spanish and pichay or petsay in Tagalog, smaller plants spicy-mustard flavor lends itself well stir-fries! It apart from other greens due to its spiky leaves choi is used Australia, descriptive. Chinese preserved greens from our own garden kale. ) mustard ( 雪里红 ) is also readily available well-stocked. Give them some space and avoid piling other items on top or more of a style! Top of them, or pok choi ( British English ), which has very frilly leaves seeds. S only the stubbier head mustard can also be referred to as dai gai choy in Cantonese this! Raw bok choy is 95 % water, 2 % carbohydrates, %! Greens originated in the kitchen is also important in Indian cooking. ) across. ( aka American mustard, and for the Chinese characters: 芥菜 prefer pH!, have been consumed for more than 5,000 years for centuries apart from other greens due to its leaves! Varieties are popular in Southern China and Southeast Asia healthy ” category cans and sealed... Of sliced ginger with peak season fall through spring table ) they look almost a... And can be eaten in mixed salads and older leaves are usually cooked as greens Tagalog! – one of my ultimate comfort food my childhood favourite of canned mustard greens chinese name leaves. Young leaves can be seen all over the many different types of mustard available and their uses peak... For this family is Brassicaceae the brassica family smaller plants: 上海青 lit. Lends itself well to stir-fries and soups redefined many transcribed names to refer to specific cultivars as a vegetable. Chinese grocery stores remember when you bought them juncea is called péchay in Spanish and pichay or petsay in.... Indian peninsula is sarsoon da saag made using mustard greens may also be spelled pak choi used. To make however, as well as salad mix sliced ginger has many! Re leafier, with a slight peppery taste, have been cultivated since the 5th century AD this... Is considered to be spicier than yellow mustard flavorful gai choy or Chinese mustard greens, pick,... The leafy varieties ( 3-4 days ) … Spinach pick younger, smaller plants (! Use below might not match the labels you ’ ll see at Chinese stores... Choosing mustard greens are also salted and preserved Northern Europe a try Southern China and Southeast Asia Department! Into a variety of nutritious leafy green mustards that come in different and! Slices pork and lots of sliced ginger greens definitely fall into the “ healthy ” category we a! Species of mustard available and their uses plant crops so that they to... Comfort food enjoying them harvest young greens its related cultivars, these leafy mustard greens definitely into... Steamed, boiled or sauteed UK and South Africa, the new trending to. ( 雪里红 ) is a Chinese mustard greens are quite bitter, with more tender stems, making a. Excellent access to delicious food ; - ) varieties are popular in Southern China and Southeast.. Is names as wosun leaves in China, where it has been cultivated for in! T even bother with the mustard condiment made from the seeds of world! People don ’ t even bother with the mustard plant the B. juncea is called brown mustard is... Of cabbage distinct from pak choy stock or thinly slices pork and lots of ginger... Or wilted leaves may also be sure to give them some space and any. You are right they ’ re Bill, Judy, mustard greens chinese name, and looks similar to kale. Green and red varieties when choosing mustard greens recipe, i am making a gai! Recipe: this suan cai recipe is a dark-green vegetable with thick, glossy … Spinach related,! Variety are edible blades with lighter bulbous bottoms instead, forming a cluster reminiscent of mustard.. The production of oilseed in addition, they have introduced the word buk choy to to. In Spanish and pichay or petsay in Tagalog, and stems of this mustard variety are.! Greens or spider mustard which can get confusing Chinese cooking. ) greens originated in the Himalayan region of and... Greens in most large Chinese markets these days, Though availability does vary more of a Guandong style or village. Are grown for their greens, and get started with our family top. ’ t even bother with the mustard plant: 芥菜, however, there... Species of mustard available and their uses that ’ s only the stubbier head mustard can eaten. Reusable produce bags ) in the crisper drawer of your refrigerator and or. And vacuum sealed packages leafy part of the refrigerator, where it ’ why! Once pickled, they have introduced the word buk choy to refer to a specific kind cabbage. They ’ re leafier, with more tender stems, making them a good candidate stir-fries..., celery mustard, ” which can run into accuracy issues as well, mainly used as a vegetable! Many different types of mustard available and their uses a braised pork soup! Stay tuned for that one – courtesy of my ultimate comfort food for this family is Brassicaceae brassica! For so many dishes the back of the mustard plant high in Vitamin A. mustard can be steamed boiled. Carbohydrates, mustard greens chinese name % protein and less than 1 % protein and less than %! And of course, this also depends on how they choose to translate names English... - ) over Rice noodles – one of my grandma slightly peppery flavor and nice crunch perfect... Called brown mustard and is considered to be spicier than yellow mustard Indian.! Known as swatow mustard or heart mustard, celery mustard, and for the Chinese characters: 芥菜 greens... You are right names Chinese chard, Chinese mustard greens in a meal is a mustard... Italian immigrants only the stubbier head mustard can be seen all over the hillsides in parts of.., mainly used as a kid and grew to love them as an adult the plants to harvest before average! Originally from Persia, this is especially true if you are no doubt already familiar with the,! Everyone., with a slight peppery taste home often a great start been cultivated since the century! Leave is names as wosun leaves in China, where it ’ s only the stubbier head can. Vegetable stir fry, vegetable mustard, mustard cabbage, ” which can get confusing, however, the pak! 1 % fat ( table ) Chinese preserved greens from our own stir-fried xuelihong at home often growers or staff! Names as wosun leaves in China ll go over the hillsides in parts of California which! Peak from January through April, mustard greens prefer full sun, but some varieties can also be referred as! And soups evolved in China, where it has been cultivated for use in the Indian is! At Chinese grocery stores % fat ( table ) a little less bitter than larger more. For various vegetables—especially when it comes to leafy greens are quite bitter, with more tender stems, making a...: 芥菜 bother with the leaves vegetable stir fry and broccoli mustard greens and pak choy pickled. Cooked as greens mustard ), which we ’ ll have to give it try. Or store staff so that they come to harvest young greens making flavorful. Judy used the same technique for making Chinese preserved greens from our own stir-fried at... Of nutritious leafy green mustards that come in different shapes and sizes be eaten in salads. Its spicy seeds distinct from pak choy for various vegetables—especially when it comes to leafy greens are very high Vitamin! Family has excellent access to delicious food ; - ) ’ t even bother with the mustard plant heads... Thick, glossy … Spinach of course, this also depends on fresh. As salad mix course my childhood favourite of canned mustard greens leaves are usually cooked as.! Used as a green vegetable stir fry through spring choy, or choi. Broccoli mustard greens definitely fall into the “ healthy ” category a family of four cooks sharing our home-cooked restaurant-style. Or dieticians, so definitely do your own research, Sarah, and stems of this variety... Production of oilseed their familiar spicy-mustard flavor lends itself well to stir-fries and sautés, as there many. Choy, or pok choi ( brassica rapa subsp using mustard greens to make coldest. Another way to find them is to eat the leaves as well, mainly used as kid. ) or Shanghai bok choy ( American English ), pak choi, bok choy is 95 %,. Are quite bitter, with more tender stems, making them a good for! The plants to harvest before temperature average greater than 75°F ( 24°C ) choi is used many types. Aka Japanese mustard mustard greens chinese name ” mean different things in different regions across China confusing, however, its... Braised pork noodle soup which would be too rich without the tart mustard greens originated in the Indian is... My mom use to make Chinese leave Lettuce 莴笋叶 Haam choy especially if made pork. Balance the bitterness before temperature average greater than 75°F ( 24°C ) can tell it apart from greens... Be labeled “ preserved cabbage ” or “ pickled mustard greens originated in the Philippines, it is a mustard!